Latin American Wildlife

There is no place on earth that has a greater quantity of wildlife species than in Latin America. There is so much wildlife in Latin America that it is virtually impossible to visit Latin America without see many species that you have never seen before.

I have visited Latin America to see ancient sites, to relax on the beaches, to spend time in nature, to see natural wonders, for adventure travel (white water rafting and zip-lining) and to see wildlife. When I traveled for the purpose of seeing wildlife, I was able to see some amazing wildlife but on the trip that didn’t include time for wildlife viewing I was still able to have surprising wildlife encounters. Sometimes the wildlife just appeared in front of me while having breakfast on the balcony or relaxing on the beach.

On my wildlife trips, I have spent time in the Amazon Jungle of Peru and in Venezuela, the rainforests in Panama and Costa Rica and the Cloud Forest in Costa Rica. Some places the wildlife is easier to see than in others. Going deep into the jungle usually means there are a greater number of species in the area but it also mean that the wildlife is not comfortable around humans. They are not likely to stay in one place and let you observe them. In my experience, the wildlife in Costa Rica seems to be more comfortable around people which provides a better opportunity to have a longer time to observe the wildlife.

Latin America is home to about 1,330 species of mammals, over 3000 species of birds, 450 species of reptiles and more than 2500 amphibian species. Some species are more famous for being Latin American Species and are considered as iconic Latin American Wildlife.

Making a list of wildlife to see in Latin America seems impossible but there are some species that are unique to Latin America but are also likely to be seen by casual travelers. My list of iconic Latin American wildlife that are relatively easy to see are:

  • Capuchin Monkey
  • Blue Morpho Butterflies
  • Scarlet Macaw Birds
  • Pink River Dolphin
  • Llama
  • Andean Condor
  • Guanaco
  • Agouti
  • Pigmy Marmoset
  • Jaguar
  • Mountain Tapir
  • Sloth
  • Giant Anteater
  • Guinea Pig
  • Capybara
  • Black Caiman
  • Toucan
  • Hummingbirds
  • Piranha
  • Anaconda
  • Poison Dart Frogs
  • Howler Monkeys

Note: I have seen 16 out of the 22 of these in my journeys into the Latin American outdoors. Hopefully I will be able to complete the list on future trips.

Wildlife Posts

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I will be making more posts on Latin American Wildlife, so check back later to see my future posts on Latin American Wildlife.